…the primary German pogroms in fashionable instances, known as the Hep-Hep riots, came about in 1819. Jews have been attacked within the streets and Jewish shops have been ransacked. This was a brand new and nonetheless unknown phenomenon within the German-speaking world. The riots have been led by college students, apparently the anti-absolutist and progressive pressure in German society.
It is by Shlomo Avineri Herzl’s Imaginative and prescient: Theodor Herzl and the Founding of the Jewish State. Right here is a brand new bulletin from MIT.