Simply revealed, Chinn-Ito index, accessible right here. Normalized to (0,1), 1 being essentially the most open, that is the world.
The outline of the present dataset is Ito and Chinn (2022).
Hiro Itō and I constructed this index as a result of few single, extensively accessible, and usually up to date measures of monetary openness existed on the time, except Quinn’s (APSR1997) measure whose scope was extra restricted on the time. Particular person dummy variables primarily based on these of the IMF (outdated) de jure The classification of controls (on alternate charges, export earnings, capital account, present account) didn’t show informative in considered one of my first empirical analyzes of monetary growth (Chinn, 2004, unclosed model right here). The Chinn-Ito index, primarily based on the aforementioned IMF de jure classifications, was transformed right into a single index by taking the primary principal element (primarily – the capital account element is smoothed) and was developed for a challenge geared toward to evaluate how monetary openness correlates with monetary growth, revealed in JDE (2006) (with a number of assist from buddies together with Ashok Mody, Antu Panini Murshid).
Quinn, Schindler and Toyoda (IMF Financial Evaluation 2011) present a primary comparability of the measurements. Newer comparisons can be found Graebner et al. (2021) summer seasonrten et al. (2021). Total, the measures transfer collectively.